Nuclei with Z = 30 - 47
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It differs from the various geometrical arrangements that sometimes occur in a molecule in that in a molecule the various arrangements are of the widely separated atomic nuclei. In the first part of this review the theoretical status of coexistence in nuclei is summarized. Two approaches, namely, microscopic shell-model descriptions and mean-field descriptions, are emphasized.
The second part of this review presents systematic data, for both even- and odd-mass nuclei, selected to illustrate the various ways in which coexistence is observed in nuclei. The last part of this review looks to future developments and the issue of the universality of coexistence in nuclei. Surprises continue to be discovered.
Excited Nuclear States - Nuclei with Z = 74-103
John L. Shape coexistence in atomic nuclei Kris Heyde and John L. Wood Rev. Abstract Shape coexistence in nuclei appears to be unique in the realm of finite many-body quantum systems. Issue Vol. Authorization Required. Log In. From From 99 , and On the right-hand side, a schematic view of the excitation is given. On the left-hand side, the unperturbed energy, the pairing energy, the monopole energy shift, and the quadrupole energy gain are presented, albeit in a schematic way.
The particle- and angular-momentum projected energy curves are given as a reference. Figure 8 The main regions of nuclear shape coexistence discussed in Sec. Regions A, F: see Sec.
Even and odd atomic nuclei
Figure 9 Isotope shift systematics for the Os-Pb isotopes. Note particularly Hg , which possesses the largest known isomer shift. Figure 10 Systematics of excited states in the even-Hg isotopes. The data are taken from Nuclear Data Sheets. Some recent lifetime data can be found in Figure 12 Systematics of excited states in the even-Pb isotopes. Heavy downward arrows indicate states connected by E 0 transitions. Upward pointing arrows indicate excitations above which states have been omitted.
The data are from , , , , , and Nuclear Data Sheets. There are recent lifetime data for Pb ; , and Pb , Figure 13 Systematics of excited states in the odd-Pb isotopes.
Heavy vertical downward arrows indicate states connected by E 0 transitions. Vertical upward arrows indicate energies above which states with positive parity have been omitted. Dashed lines connect states with probable similar structures. Figure 16 Systematics of excited states in the even-Po isotopes. Evidently, the intruding deformed states become the ground states for Po , , The data are from and Nuclear Data Sheets. There are recent lifetime data for Po , Note the strong correlation of the three quantities: This is discussed further in the text.
The data are from Nuclear Data Sheets. The parabolic energy trends are discussed in the text. The data are from , , 87 , and Nuclear Data Sheets.
Figure 19 Multiple-coexisting structures in Au Details of the coupling of particles and holes to the Pt and Hg cores are given by , ; a simple perspective is provided by , , and Transitions with observed E 0 components are marked by arrows. Details are discussed in the text. The data are from , , , and Nuclear Data Sheets. States are grouped as spherical and deformed: The large isomer shift observed in Hg , cf.
The data are from 14 , 15 and Nuclear Data Sheets.
Note the smooth trend of Nilsson single-particle energies from nuclei with well-deformed ground states into the spherical region. Simply link your Qantas Frequent Flyer membership number to your Booktopia account and earn points on eligible orders. Either by signing into your account or linking your membership details before your order is placed. Your points will be added to your account once your order is shipped.
Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! The data presented are collected from all kinds of nuclear reactions, including measurements of reactions with neutrons and -rays not yet fully considered in previous compilations.
Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, () - Shape coexistence in atomic nuclei
The nuclei considered also comprise nuclei far from the stability line. The properties of excited nuclear states are of importance for scientific and practical applications. No systematic compilation of such data has been performed so far. The present compilation has been prepared by eminent experts in the field.
Volume 49 (2018)
One of the characteristics of Landolt-Boernstein is that data are evaluated before they are accepted for compilation. Additionally, sections of the Introduction are devoted to nuclear resonance fluorescence and cluster models in nuclear astrophysics. In view of the large amount of data available some of the information is given online only at www. Help Centre. My Wishlist Sign In Join. Soroko , Ulrich Kneissl , Sergey I. Sukhoruchkin , Pierre Descouvemont , Andreas Zilges.
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