Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest

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Altermann, S. Tidying up the genus Letharia : introducing L. Lichenologist Arcadia, L.

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Usnea dasopoga , a name to be reinstated for U. Taxon This change is strictly nomenclatural and does not address species concepts. Because both the original authors' intentions and the International Botanical Code of Nomenclature are open to interpretation, do not be surprised if this name changes again. Athukorala, S.

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  5. Phylogenetic relationships among reindeer lichens of North America. Some traditional species concepts are supported, others are not e. Cladonia stygia vs. Bjork, C. Additions to the lichen flora of Washington state, United States. Evansia Macrolichens added were Leptogium schraderi, Massalongia microphylliza, Physconia leucoleiptes , and Solorina bispora. Crustose species were added as well. Boluda, C. Microchemical and molecular investigations reveal Pseudephebe species as cryptic with an environmentally modified morphology. Brodo, I. Notes on the lichens Physcia aipolia and Physcia alnophila in North America.

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    Practical advice on using morphological and chemical characters to separate the recently recognized P. The dominant taxon in the PNW is P. Carlsen, T. Species delimitation, bioclimatic range, and conservation status of the threatened lichen Fuscopannaria confusa. Although the data in this paper are Scandinavian, the results might apply to our records of these species as well.

    Cornejo, C. The coastal SE Alaskan specimens in the Ricasolia Lobaria amplissima group are recognized as a new subspecies, Ricasolia amplissima subsp. Davydov, E. Contribution to the study of Umbilicariaceae lichenized Ascomycota in Russia. Kamchatka Peninsula. Herzogia — Umbilicaria krascheninnikovii is Umbilicaria polaris for N Am records. Divakar, P. Del-Prado, H. Lumbsch, M. Wedin, T. Esslinger, S. Diversification of the newly recognized lichen-forming fungal lineage Montanelia Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota and its relation to key geological and climatic events. American Journal of Botany — The new genus Montanelia is erected to include the saxicolous species Melanelia disjuncta, M.

    Figueras, N. Molecular phylogenetic studies reveal an undescribed species within the North American concept of Melanelixia glabra Parmeliaceae. Fungal Diversity North American material is shifted to M. Crespo, E. Kraichak, S. Leavitt, G. Singh, I. Using a temporal phylogenetic method to harmonize family and genus-level classification in the largest clade of lichen-forming fungi. DOI Most cetrarioid lichens are assigned to either Nephromopsis or Cetraria. The following names among others are reduced to synonymy: Ahtiana, Allocetraria, Flavocetraria, Kaernefeltia, Masonhalea, Tuckermanella, Tuckermannopsis , and Vulpicida.

    Gowardia is reunited with Alectoria. One problem with the new classification proposed by Divakar et al. Based on phylogenetic trees by Thell, Cetraria subalpina should remain in Cetraria. See pdf or Excel spreadsheet of changes relevant to the Pacific Northwest. See also Thell et al.

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    7. Dolnik, C. Distinction of Cladonia rei and C. Esslinger, T. Physconia grumosa in North America. Bryologist This Asian species is now reported from Alaska, central and southern Rocky Mts, and eastern states and provinces. Glavich, D. Distribution, rarity and habitats of three aquatic lichens on federal land in the U.

      Pacific Northwest. Peltigera hydrothyria, Leptogium rivale, Dermatocarpon meiophyllizum. Goward, T. Ahti, J.

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      Hypogymnia recurva and Hypogymnia wilfiana spp. Botany North American material is separated as H. Halonen, P. Myllys, S. Gowardia Parmeliaceae -- a new alectorioid lichen genus with two species. Hodkinson, B. Parmelia barrenoae a macrolichen new to North America and Africa. North American Fungi 5 3 This species is a segregate of Parmelia sulcata , distinguishable both morphologically and by ITS sequence. Molecular analyses reveal semi-cryptic species in Xanthoparmelia tasmanica.

      Bibliotheca Lichenologica North American material is referred to X. Vahliella , a new lichen genus. Leptogium insigne , a new species from the Pacific Northwest of North America. Knudsen, K. Cladonia maritima , a new species in the C. Opuscula Philolichenum Kosuthova, A. Westberg, M. Rostania revised: testing generic delimitations in Collemataceae Peltigerales, Lecanoromycetes. MycoKeys Collema quadrifida, a.

      Rostania quadrifida, is transferred to Scytinium quadrifidum D. Leavitt, S. Esslinger, P. Miocene divergence, phenotypically cryptic lineages, and contrasting distribution patterns in common lichen-forming fungi Ascomycota: Parmeliaceae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society Most specimens in western North America have been misplaced in M. Blanco et al.

      Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest, 2nd Edition

      DNA barcode identification of lichen-forming fungal species in the Rhizoplaca melanopthalma species-complex Lecanoralies, Lecanoraceae , including five new species. Describes new species recognizable by DNA sequences but with no morphological distinctions. Divakar, A. Thorsten Lumbsch. A matter of time — understanding the limits of the power of molecular data for delimiting species boundaries. Herzogia — Discussion and re-analysis of species-level results in Bryoria and T hamnolia. Lendemer, J. A new perspective on Punctelia subrudecta Parmeliaceae in North America: previously rejected morphological characters corroborate molecular phylogenetic evidence and provide insight into an old problem.

      Material of the P. Kalb; eastern North America has several species in this group. How do you reconcile molecular and non-molecular datasets? A case study where new molecular data prompts a revision of Peltigera hydrothyria s. Western specimens are placed in P. Moncada, B. McCune, E. Farkas, B. Goffinet, D. Parker, J. Luis Chaves, L. Nelson, T. Spribille, S. Stenroos, T. Wheeler, A. Yanez-Ayabaca, K. Dillman, O. Gockman, T. Goward, J. Hollinger, E. Tripp, J. Villella, W. Julio Arango, M. Fernando Coca, C. Printzen, C. Scharnagl, R.

      Rozzi, E. Pseudocyphellaria crocata Ascomycota: Lobariaceae in the Americas is revealed to be thirteen species, and none of them is P. Bryologist — Lumbsch, H. One hundred new species of lichenized fungi: a signature of undiscovered global diversity. Phytotaxa Magain, N. Zhurbenko, F. Disentangling the Peltigera polydactylon species complex by recognizing two new taxa, P. Herzogia New subspecies that is widespread in western North America. Marcelli, M. Canez, M. Benatti, A.

      Spielmann, P. Taxonomic novelties in Parmeliaceae. Parmotrema herrei Zahlbr. It has not been relocated, but should be sought elsewhere on the Pacific Coast. Mark, K. Evaluation of traditionally circumscribed species in the lichen-forming genus Usnea , section Usnea Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota using a six-locus dataset.

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      Usnea substerili s is synonymized under U. Some traditional morphospecies are supported, e. Miadlikowska, J. Schoch, S. Kageyama, K. Molnar, F. Hypogymnia phylogeny, including Cavernularia , reveals biogeographic structure. The Bryologist Our two Cavernulia species are shown to belong to Hypogymnia , H. Krog and H. Krog as proposed by Hildur Krog in Miadlikowska J. Phylogenetic placement, species delimitation, and cyanobiont identity of endangered aquatic Peltigera species lichen-forming Ascomycota, Lecanoromycetes.

      American Journal of Botany What used to be considered a single species, Hydrothyria venosa , then two species, Peltigera gowardii western N Am and Peltigera hydrothyria eastern N Am , is confirmed to have three supported clades. The third species is described formallly, Peltigera aquatica , an action that is sure to be controversial among practicing field lichenologists in the PNW, simply because P. This action has made it impossible to identify western Hydrothyria without DNA sequencing, if you accept the three-species documented by this paper.

      McCune, B. Graphis Scripta An unusual ascospore shape and a new species, Umbilicaria nodulospora Umbilicariaceae , from California and Oregon. Rosentreter, T. Spribille, O. Montana Lichens: An Annotated List. Monographs in North American Lichenology Northwest Lichenologists, Corvallis, Oregon. Schoch, H. Root, S. Geographic, climatic, and chemical differentiation in the Hypogymnia imshaugii species complex Parmeliaceae.

      Lichens of the Pacific Northwest US Coast | Culham Research Group

      Miller, J. The Usnea rigida group in California and the Pacific Northwest. Bulletin of the California Lichen Society Discusses the origin of differences in recent taxonomic concepts of Usnea rigida and relatives, including U. Moberg, R. The lichen genus Heterodermia Physciaceae in South America -- a contribution including five new species. Nordic Journal of Botany Contains full descriptions and many species, including the rare with us Heterodermia japonica. Molina, M. Divakar, T. Therefore, cross out " vexillifera " at the end of lead 25b.

      Nephroma arcticum and N. Divide lead 18b, p. Bryoria spiralifera , p. Leptogium brebissonii was inadvertently omitted from keys. It will key out under 16b, p. Parmeliopsis hyperopta , p. Peltigera pacifica, p. Punctelia subrudecta , p. Records of P. Umbilicaria lambii , p. It has either a smooth disk or sometimes a disk with concentric or irregular fissures.

      Index Add Omphalodiscus p. Key to Genera Alectoria species other than A. Keys to Species and Descriptions Alectoria key, lead 4b, p. Cladonia key, lead 86a, p. Corrected Reference: Esslinger, T. Is in Mycotaxon Missing References Ahmadjian, V. The Lichen Symbiosis.

      Banfield, A. The Mammals of Canada. National Museum of Canada, Ottowa. Hale, M. Third Edition. Edward Arnold, London.